Effect of the modification of morphine and nalorphine by glucuronate and sulfate conjugations at the 3- and 6-positions on the binding to opioid receptors was examined in a particulate fraction of rat brain. Competing potencies of both drugs against [3H]morphine and [3H]leucine enkephalin bindings were extremely decreased by either glucuronate or sulfate conjugation at the 3-position. On the other hand, the potencies of morphine and nalorphine against [3H]leucine enkephalin binding were considerably enhanced by the conjugations at the 6-position, whereas the potencies against [3H]morphine binding were decreased. These altered interactions of the conjugates at the 6-position with the two ligands were attributed to their enhanced binding to delta-receptor and reduced binding to mu-receptor by Hill plot and modified Scatchard analysis. Resulted comparable and simultaneous interactions with mu- and delta- receptors were assumed to be a cause of the enhanced mu-receptor-directed analgesia of morphine and elevated same receptor-directed antagonistic effect of nalorphine, which have been found previously in our laboratory.