Background/aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential usefulness of transient elastography (TE), which is a technique that allows measuring both fibrosis and liver fat content simultaneously, as a screening tool for hepatic involvement in Turkish patients with T2DM.
Materials and methods: We obtained liver stiffness measurements (LSMs, as a measure of fibrosis) and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP, as a marker of steatosis) in 124 (46 males and 78 females; mean body mass index (BMI): 33.2±6.6 kg/m2) Turkish patients with T2DM. The prevalence rates of overweight, obesity, and metabolic syndrome in our sample were 28.2%, 64.5%, and 77.4%, respectively. Probe-specific LSM cut-off values were used to define advanced fibrosis (>F3) and cirrhosis (F4) (M probe: F3=9.6-11.4 kPa, F4 >11.5 kPa and XL probe: F3=9.3-10.9 kPa, F4 >11.0 kPa). Mild, moderate, and severe steatosis were defined as CAP 222-232 dB/m, CAP 233-289 dB/m, and CAP >290 dB/m, respectively.
Results: Advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis were identified in 21 (16.9%) and 10 (8.0%) patients, respectively. TE-defined hepatic steatosis (CAP>222 dB/m) was detected in 117 (94.3%) patients. Mild, moderate, and severe steatosis were identified in 0, 29, and 88 patients, respectively.
Conclusion: TE is a useful non-invasive imaging modality to screen for liver involvement in Turkish patients with T2DM. High rates of TE-defined fibrosis and steatosis in our sample reflect the presence of an elevated mean BMI.