Introduction: Centronuclear myopathies (CNMs) are a subtype of congenital myopathies (CMs) characterized by muscle weakness, predominant type 1 fibers, and increased central nuclei. SPEG (striated preferentially expressed protein kinase) mutations have recently been identified in 7 CM patients (6 with CNMs). We report 2 additional patients with SPEG mutations expanding the phenotype and evaluate genotype-phenotype correlations associated with SPEG mutations.
Methods: Using whole exome/genome sequencing in CM families, we identified novel recessive SPEG mutations in 2 patients.
Results: Patient 1, with severe muscle weakness requiring respiratory support, dilated cardiomyopathy, ophthalmoplegia, and findings of nonspecific CM on muscle biopsy carried a homozygous SPEG mutation (p.Val3062del). Patient 2, with milder muscle weakness, ophthalmoplegia, and CNM carried compound heterozygous mutations (p.Leu728Argfs*82) and (p.Val2997Glyfs*52).
Conclusions: The 2 patients add insight into genotype-phenotype correlations of SPEG-associated CMs. Clinicians should consider evaluating a CM patient for SPEG mutations even in the absence of CNM features. Muscle Nerve 59:357-362, 2019.
Keywords: cardiomyopathy; centronuclear myopathies; congenital myopathies; myotubularin (MTM1); next generation sequencing (NGS); striated preferentially expressed protein kinase (SPEG).
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.