Long-Term Effects of Bosentan on Cardiovascular Events in Hispanic Patients with Intermittent Claudication: Four-Year Follow-up of the CLAU Trial : The CLAU Randomized Trial Long-Term Outcome

Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2019 Apr;19(2):203-209. doi: 10.1007/s40256-018-0307-y.

Abstract

Introduction: The Clinical and Endothelial Function Assessment after Endothelin Receptor Antagonist (CLAU) trial demonstrated the effect of bosentan on the endothelial function, inflammatory status and claudication distance in Hispanic patients with incipient peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Our aim was to assess the protective effect on cardiovascular events of bosentan versus conventional anti-atherosclerosis therapy.

Methods: CLAU included 56 patients with intermittent claudication, randomized 1:1 to receive bosentan for 12 weeks (n = 27) or placebo (n = 29), associating the best medical treatment. Log-rank and hazard ratio (HR) analyses were performed to estimate the relative efficacy of bosentan in preventing incidence of major adverse events (MAE) including target limb revascularization (TLR), amputation, myocardial infarction (MI), and all-cause death; major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE) including TLR, amputation, MI, stroke, and cardiovascular-cause death; and major adverse limb events (MALE), which combines TLR and amputation.

Results: During the follow-up period (34 ± 5 months), five MAE occurred in the control group only (17.2%), including two TLR, one amputation, one stroke, and an MI. The ratio of event-free survival for MAE to 3 years follow-up was higher in the group treated with bosentan (100% vs 66%, p = 0.01, HR = 76; 95% confidence interval 0.05-104,677, p = 0.24). A similar trend was observed in incidence of MACE (100% vs 66%, p = 0.01) and MALE (100% vs 80%, p = 0.15).

Conclusion: Treatment with bosentan in the early low-to-mild stages of PAD may prevent cardiovascular events and the need for lower limb revascularization in the Hispanic population. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT25102012.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Atherosclerosis / drug therapy
  • Atherosclerosis / prevention & control
  • Bosentan / therapeutic use*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Claudication / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / drug therapy
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Bosentan

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT25102012