Transient systolic anterior motion with junctional rhythm after mitral valve repair in the intensive care unit

Crit Ultrasound J. 2018 Nov 12;10(1):30. doi: 10.1186/s13089-018-0111-6.


Systolic anterior motion (SAM) after mitral valve repair (MVR) can adversely affect hemodynamics due to exacerbation of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and mitral regurgitation. Intraoperative transient SAM after MVR can usually be managed with hemodynamic maneuvers under continuous monitoring by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). However, during postoperative intensive care management, transient SAM is seldom diagnosed and the start of treatment may be delayed. We present a case of transient SAM after MVR with abrupt deterioration due to junctional rhythm in the intensive care unit (ICU). TEE revealed that conversion from normal sinus rhythm into junctional rhythm induced the exacerbation of SAM. TEE was useful for identifying the etiology of unstable hemodynamics after cardiac surgery in the ICU, similar to its use in the operating room.

Keywords: Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction; Mitral valve repair; Systolic anterior motion; Transesophageal echocardiography.