Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is such an herb from the Apiaceae family, used both for its medicinal and nutritional properties for many centuries. In this study, the effects of C. sativum extract on gene expression, viability, colony formation, migration, and invasion of PC-3 and LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines have been investigated. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) dose in PC-3 and LNCaP cells was detected to be 2 and 5 mg/mL at the 24th hour, respectively. C. sativum extracts have been observed to cause a significant decrease in the expression of Akt and Bcl-2 in the PC-3 cells and just Akt in LNCaP cells while increasing in the expression of p53, caspase-9, caspase-10, PTEN, DR5, TRADD, PUMA, and NOXA. DR4 expression was increased in LNCaP cell line but not PC-3, and APAF and BID had increased expression in PC-3 but not the LNCaP cells. Our observations have shown that C. sativum extract decreased colony formation while inhibiting cell invasion and migration. Cell migration was hindered in PC-3 but not the LNCaP cells. In conclusion, this data present a valuable addition to the very limited data available out there on the potential use of C. sativum in prostate cancer treatment.
Keywords: LNCaP; PC-3; coriander; herbal medicine; prostate cancer.
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