Splenic embolization for a giant splenic hemangioma in a child: a case report

BMC Pediatr. 2018 Nov 12;18(1):354. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1331-4.


Background: Splenic hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the spleen. However, it remains a rare medical condition in children. Although the natural course of splenic hemangioma is slow growth, treatment for large splenic hemangiomas has been recommended due to the risk of spontaneous rupture causing life-threating hemorrhage. However, the optimal treatment for splenic hemangioma in children is unclear.

Case presentation: An 11-year-old girl had an enhancing mass, 61 × 54 × 65 mm in size and numerous daughter nodules throughout the entire spleen on a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen and angiography. The patient was treated by complete embolization at the distal level of splenic artery, which resulted in total splenic infarction. Treatment-related complications were thrombocytosis and postembolization syndrome, including abdominal pain and, intermittent fever below 39 °C. There were no other serious complications, including bleeding.

Conclusion: Splenic embolization may be a safe and less invasive intervention for children with a large splenic hemangioma. Further studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of our approach.

Keywords: Child; Embolization; Splenic hemangioma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiography
  • Child
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Female
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemangioma / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Splenic Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Splenic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Splenic Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed