Prehospital thrombolytic treatment of acute myocardial infarction with anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex

Crit Care Med. 1988 Sep;16(9):823-30. doi: 10.1097/00003246-198809000-00001.


In cooperation with a group of general practitioners (GP), we investigated the possible risk and benefit of prehospital initiation of thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) at the patient's home. During a 14-month period, 58 patients with suspected AMI were evaluated by their GP using a protocol with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The GP alerted a special mobile intervention team which administered APSAC at home in 13 of the 19 patients. Coronary reperfusion was achieved in ten of these 13 patients. Apart from short and easily treated episodes of bradycardia and/or hypotension after the injection of the thrombolytic drug in four of 13 patients, no major adverse events were noted in the early treatment period. The estimated time gain by treating the patient at home instead of starting the treatment in the coronary care unit was 46 +/- 14 min. Therefore, at-home initiation of thrombolytic treatment seems feasible, fast, and safe.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anistreplase
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Female
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Heart Function Tests
  • Home Care Services*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mobile Health Units*
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*
  • Myocardial Infarction / enzymology
  • Plasminogen / adverse effects
  • Plasminogen / therapeutic use*
  • Streptokinase / adverse effects
  • Streptokinase / therapeutic use*


  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • Anistreplase
  • Plasminogen
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Streptokinase