Factors associated with pain in the pelvic girdle in pregnant adolescents: A case-control study

Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2018 Dec:38:106-112. doi: 10.1016/j.msksp.2018.09.011. Epub 2018 Sep 25.


Background: Due to biological immaturity and unfavorable psychosocial conditions, it is conjectured that teenage pregnancy may be associated with disorders such as pelvic girdle pain. The evidence for risk factors for pelvic girdle pain in pregnant adolescents remains unclear.

Objectives: To evaluate the factors associated with pelvic girdle pain related to pregnancy in adolescents.

Design: Case-control study.

Method: Seventy three pregnant women with presence of pelvic girdle pain (case group) and 331 pregnant women without pelvic girdle pain (control group) aged between 10 and 19 years, with gestational age between 28 and 40 weeks were included.

Results/findings: A logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with the occurrence of pelvic girdle pain. The following aspects were considered for the model: sociodemographic, anthropometric, gynecological and obstetrical, related to lifestyle, musculoskeletal and psychosocial factors. The results showed that suspected common mental disorder (OR: 2.27; 95% CI: 1.23 to 4.18), low back pain during menstruation (OR: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.16 to 3.80) and strenuous work (OR: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.13 to 3.35) were associated with pelvic girdle pain among pregnant adolescents.

Conclusions: Attention must be given to pregnant adolescents with suspected common mental disorder, low back pain during menstruation and strenuous work in order to ensure referral to the appropriate healthcare professional for early prevention of pelvic girdle pain.

Keywords: Adolescent; Pelvic girdle pain; Pregnancy in adolescence; Risk factors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / diagnosis*
  • Low Back Pain / physiopathology
  • Low Back Pain / therapy*
  • Pelvic Girdle Pain / diagnosis*
  • Pelvic Girdle Pain / physiopathology
  • Pelvic Girdle Pain / therapy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Complications / physiopathology
  • Pregnancy Complications / therapy*
  • Pregnant Women
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult