Microlens arrays have been widely used in the fields of micro-optics because of the advantages of their high diffraction efficiency, high fill factor, and wide operating band. However, the microlens array still has problems with its smaller field of view (FOV) and lower utilization of light energy. In this paper, a 3D compound eye system consisting of a microlens array and a pinhole array was designed according to the optical principle of insect compound eye. The artificial compound eye structure was processed in two-photon polymerization processing technology. Ray tracing and optical system simulation of the designed artificial compound eye structure were performed. The results showed that the artificial compound eye structure had a wider FOV and higher light energy utilization than a conventional 2D microlens array. This thesis may lay a theoretical foundation for the structural optimization design of microlens arrays.
Keywords: compound eye; microlens; ray tracing; two-photon polymerization.