"The Thrill of Victory . . . and the Agony of Defeat": Passion and Emotional Reactions to Success and Failure Among Recreational Golfers

J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2018 Oct 1;40(5):280-283. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2017-0316. Epub 2018 Nov 13.


The dualistic model of passion proposes two distinct forms of passion: obsessive (OP) and harmonious (HP). The purpose of this research was to test if emotional reactivity following athletic successes and failures was related to one's levels of HP and OP for sport. The authors recruited recreational golfers (N = 115) to report how they typically felt after they experienced successes and failures on the golf course. Results of multilevel modeling analyses supported the hypotheses and revealed that OP moderated the effects of success and failure on both positive and negative affect: OP was associated with higher levels of positive affect following success, as well as higher levels of negative affect following failure. These results suggest that OP, but not HP, is associated with greater emotional reactivity to the experience of success and failure in sport.

Keywords: athletes; emotion; emotion regulation; motivation; multilevel modeling.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Competitive Behavior
  • Female
  • Golf / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged