Intrabullous Adhesion Pexia (IBAP) by Percutaneous Pulmonary Bulla Centesis: An Alternative for the Surgical Treatment of Giant Pulmonary Bulla (GPB)

Can Respir J. 2018 Oct 23:2018:5806834. doi: 10.1155/2018/5806834. eCollection 2018.

Abstract

Background and objective: Most patients with giant pulmonary bulla (GPB) are treated by surgery; however, there is a subset for whom surgery is not a viable option, such as those with contraindications, or those unwilling to undergo operation. Therefore, an alternative minimally invasive method is desired for this subpopulation. The aim of this study was to explore an alternative procedure for treating GPB.

Methods: This was a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm, unblinded study evaluating the efficacy and safety of intrabulla adhesion pexia (IBAP) procedure in GPB patients. The study was conducted between December 2004 and April 2017.

Results: There were 38 cases in 36 patients (33 males and 3 females) with the target GPB cavities varying in size (range, 10 cm × 7 cm × 5 cm to 15 cm × 8 cm × 30 cm (anteroposterior diameter × medial-lateral diameter × superoinferior diameter)). After IBAP treatment, the closure ratio of GPB in one month was 86.84% (33/38), while the dyspnea index significantly decreased from 4.11 ± 1.11 to 2.24 ± 1.15 (P < 0.01). In addition, the mean FEV1 (L) increased from 1.06 ± 0.73 to 1.57 ± 1.13 (P < 0.01), while RV (L) decreased from 2.77 ± 0.54 to 2.36 ± 0.38 (P < 0.01) and TLC (L) decreased from 6.46 ± 1.21 to 5.86 ± 1.08 (P < 0.01). Moreover, PaO2 (mmHg) increased from 52.18 ± 8.31 to 68.29 ± 12.34, while the 6 MWD increased by 129.36% from 131.58 ± 105.24 to 301.79 ± 197.90 (P < 0.01). Collectively, these data indicated significant improvement in pulmonary function and exercise tolerance after IBAP treatment. Furthermore, no deaths occurred during IBAP treatment, and no cases of aggravated GPB relapse were reported during the 12-month follow-up period.

Conclusions: IBAP is a promising strategy for the treatment of GPB. Our findings demonstrated that IBAP had a noteworthy therapeutic effect, desirable safety, and ideal long-term efficacy for GPB.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Diseases / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Paracentesis / methods*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

Substances

  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive