Epoxide hydrolases (EHs) are present in all living organisms and catalyze the hydrolysis of epoxides to the corresponding vicinal diols. EH are involved in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous epoxides, and thus have application in pharmacology and biotechnology. In this work, we describe the substrates and inhibitors selectivity of an epoxide hydrolase recently cloned from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei QM9414 (TrEH). We also studied the TrEH urea-based inhibitors effects in the fungal growth. TrEH showed high activity on radioative and fluorescent surrogate and natural substrates, especially epoxides from docosahexaenoic acid. Using a fluorescent surrogate substrate, potent inhibitors of TrEH were identified. Interestingly, one of the best compounds inhibit up to 60% of T. reesei growth, indicating an endogenous role for TrEH. These data make TrEH very attractive for future studies about fungal metabolism of fatty acids and possible development of novel drugs for human diseases.
Keywords: EH inhibitors; Epoxide hydrolase; Epoxy fatty acids; Growth inhibitory activity; Trichoderma reesei.