Cost minimization analysis for basic life support

Resuscitation. 2019 Jan:134:127-132. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.11.008. Epub 2018 Nov 11.


Background: The use of online teaching methodology for basic life support (BLS) courses is progressively increasing.

Objective: The objective of this study was to verify whether the blended-learning methodology (virtual course with a short face-to-face complement) was more efficient than a course that followed the classical or face-to-face methodology in our university.

Materials and methods: A cost minimization analysis was performed for two BLS and automatic external defibrillation (AED) courses, one of which was conducted face-to-face (Control Group) and the second of which was conducted via blended-learning (Experimental Group). The courses had the same duration and content according to the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) recommendations. In the face-to-face course, direct costs were considered those generated by the faculty and derived from the academic activity. Other costs were those generated by the use of classrooms and the amortization of manikins and AED training. The perspective of the analysis was that of the provider, the academic, and a time horizon of six months. The costs are expressed in € 2017.

Results: The savings of a course in BLS-AED based on the blended-learning methodology calculated for a total of 160 university nursing and medical students were € 2328.8 for the first year of its implementation and € 9048.8 for its second edition compared with the same course using a face-to-face methodology.

Conclusions: The blended-learning methodology supposes a cost savings for BLS-AED courses, mainly due to the reduction of expenses of the teaching staff. The blended-learning methodology seems to be more efficient than the face-to-face methodology.

Keywords: Blended-learning; CPR education; Cost minimization; Education technology; Efficiency; Online CPR training; Virtual learning.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / education*
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction / economics*
  • Costs and Cost Analysis*
  • Educational Measurement
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / therapy
  • Young Adult