A neural-network-based investigation of eye-related movements for accurate drowsiness estimation

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2018 Jul:2018:5207-5210. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2018.8513491.

Abstract

Many studies reported that eye-related movements, e.g., blank stares, blinking and drooping eyelids, are highly indicative symptoms of drowsiness. However, few researchers have investigated the computational efficacy accounted for drowsiness estimation by these eye-related movements. This paper thus analyzes two typical eye-related movements, i.e., eyelid movements Xel(t) and eyeball movements Xeb(t), and investigates neural-network-based approaches to model temporal correlations. Specifically, we compare the effectiveness of three combinations of eye-related movements, i.e., [Xel(t)], [Xeb(t)], and [Xel(t),Xeb(t)], for drowsiness estimation. Furthermore, we investigate the usefulness of two typical types of neural networks, i.e., CNN-Net and CNNLSTM-Net, for better drowsiness modeling. The experimental results show that [Xel(t),Xeb(t)] can achieve a better performance than [Xel(t)] for short time drowsiness estimation while [Xeb(t)]alone performs worse even than the baseline method (PERCLOS). In addition, we found that CNN-Net are more effective for accurate drowsiness level modeling than CNNLSTM-Net.

MeSH terms

  • Blinking*
  • Eye Movements*
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Wakefulness