SIFTS: updated Structure Integration with Function, Taxonomy and Sequences resource allows 40-fold increase in coverage of structure-based annotations for proteins

Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Jan 8;47(D1):D482-D489. doi: 10.1093/nar/gky1114.


The Structure Integration with Function, Taxonomy and Sequences resource (SIFTS; was established in 2002 and continues to operate as a collaboration between the Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe; and the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB; The resource is instrumental in the transfer of annotations between protein structure and protein sequence resources through provision of up-to-date residue-level mappings between entries from the PDB and from UniProtKB. SIFTS also incorporates residue-level annotations from other biological resources, currently comprising the NCBI taxonomy database, IntEnz, GO, Pfam, InterPro, SCOP, CATH, PubMed, Ensembl, Homologene and automatic Pfam domain assignments based on HMM profiles. The recently released implementation of SIFTS includes support for multiple cross-references for proteins in the PDB, allowing mappings to UniProtKB isoforms and UniRef90 cluster members. This development makes structure data in the PDB readily available to over 1.8 million UniProtKB accessions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Databases, Protein*
  • Enzymes / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Protein Conformation*
  • Protein Isoforms / chemistry
  • Proteins / physiology
  • Proteome / chemistry
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein*


  • Enzymes
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Proteins
  • Proteome