MDNCF is a human monocyte-derived, 72-residue chemotactic peptide, which has sequence similarity with members of a family of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The peptide was synthesized by the solid-phase method, and is identical to the natural peptide in amino acid composition, sequence and chemotactic potency. MDNCF forms two loops via a neighboring pair of disulfide bridges, the probable locations of which are residues 7-34 and 9-50. Reduction and alkylation eliminated chemotactic activity. MDNCF fragments 7-37, 30-72 and 17-72 were all biologically inactive. The data suggest that the region of the clustered pair of disulfide bridges is important for biological activity.