Mouse liver cytochrome P-450 P1 was produced in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformed by various expression vectors. The relative efficiency of the phosphoglycerate kinase and GAL10-CYC1 promoters to direct the P-450 P1 mRNA synthesis was determined. The level of protein synthesis was found to be dependent on the amount of the 5'-noncoding sequence of the original cDNA removed during the construction. Yeast-synthesised P-450 P1 was found to be integrated into the microsomal membrane in a fully functional form, as judged by Western blotting, optical spectra and enzymatic activities. The amount of P-450 reached up to 0.6% of the microsomal protein level. A nucleotide sequence coding for a chimeric enzyme in which 40 N-terminal codons of P-450 P1 were replaced by 36 N-terminal codons of P-450 P3 was constructed and expressed in yeast. The resulting protein retained full P-450 P1 activity and was produced with a similar efficiency suggesting that the P-450 N-terminal sequence is not involved in structures critical for the substrate specificities of the P1 isoenzyme.