Objective: To evaluate and compare the symptomatology and clinical findings in hyposecretory dry eye of the treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and artificial tears of sodium hyaluronate (SH).
Methods: Blind single-centre prospective comparative randomized study including 83 patients with hyposecretory dry eye and mean age of 64.0 years. Two groups were differentiated depending on the treatment applied: 44 patients treated with PRP (PRP group), and 39 patients treated with artificial tears of SH (SH group). Changes in Schimer test, tear osmolarity, corneal and conjunctival staining, tear film break-up time (TF-BUT), conjunctival hyperaemia, dry eye-related symptoms with the Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire, and caliciform cell density were evaluated during 30 days of treatment.
Results: Significantly larger reduction in symptomatology (p < 0.001), visual improvement (p < 0.001), reduction in hyperaemia (p < 0.001), and corneal and conjunctival staining (p < 0.001), increment of Schirmer test outcome (p ≤ 0.005), and reduction of osmolarity were found in the PRP group in both eyes compared to SH group at 15 and 30 days of treatment. Likewise, a significantly higher increment of caliciform cell density (p < 0.001) was found in the PRP group. Strong and statistically significant correlations were found in the PRP group of the change achieved in visual acuity, hyperaemia, osmolarity, and conjunctival and corneal staining with the baseline values of these variables (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: PRP treatment in hyposecretory dry eye induces a more significant positive effect over symptomatology and different dry eye signs than SH, especially in moderate and severe cases.
Keywords: artificial tear; dry eye; hyposecretory dry eye; platelet rich plasma; sodium hyaluronate.
© 2018 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.