Purpose: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumour in the adult nervous system and is associated with a poor prognosis. NF-KB activation is an important driver of the malignant phenotype that confers a negative prognosis in patients with GBM. NF-KB plays a role in Toll-like Receptors (TLR)-induced tumourigenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of a promoter region polymorphism of NFKB1 gene encoding the p50 subunit of NF-KB, namely -94ins/del ATTG, the most widely discussed the TLR2 Arg753Gln, TLR4Asp299Gly and TLR4Thr399Ile polymorphisms, their combined effects, and the glioma risk.
Methods: A group of 120 Glioma patients and 225 control subjects were screened for these four polymorphisms using the PCR-RFLP method.
Results: Statistical analysis indicates that the ins/ins genotype of NFKB -94ins/delATTG (p=0.003), and the AA genotype of TLR4Asp299Gly (p < 0.001) are risk factors for glioma and people carrying the ins allele have an approximately 1.47 times susceptibility risk of glioma whereas GG genotype of TLR2Arg753Gln seems to be protective against glioma (p = 0.002). Combined genotype analysis showed that del/ins-GG genotype of TLR2Arg753Gln-NFKB1, del/ins + GG genotype of TLR4Asp299Gly-NFKB1, del/ins-CC genotype of TLR4Thr399Ile-NFKB1 were risk factors for glioma development.
Conclusion: NFKB1 -94ins/delATTG and TLR4Asp299Gly polymorphisms are associated with increased glioma cancer risk in a Turkish population.
Keywords: Glioma; NFKB; TLR2; TLR4; polymorphism.