Magnaporthe oryzae Abp1, a MoArk1 Kinase-Interacting Actin Binding Protein, Links Actin Cytoskeleton Regulation to Growth, Endocytosis, and Pathogenesis

Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2019 Apr;32(4):437-451. doi: 10.1094/MPMI-10-18-0281-R. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Abstract

The actin cytoskeleton and actin-coupled endocytosis are conserved cellular processes required for the normal growth and pathogenesis of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. We have previously shown that actin regulating kinase MoArk1 regulates actin dynamics and endocytosis to play a key role in virulence of the fungus. To understand the underlying mechanism, we have characterized the actin-binding protein MoAbp1 that interacts with MoArk1 from M. oryzae. The ΔMoabp1 mutant exhibited delayed endocytosis and defects in growth, host penetration, and invasive growth. Consistent with its putative function associated with actin-binding, MoAbp1 regulates the localization of actin patches and plays a role in MoArk1 phosphorylation. In addition, MoAbp1 interacts with MoCap (adenylyl cyclase-associated protein) affecting its normal patch localization pattern and the actin protein MoAct1 through its conserved domains. Taken together, our results support a notion that MoAbp1 functions as a protein scaffold linking MoArk1, MoCap1, and MoAct1 to regulate actin cytoskeleton dynamics critical in growth and pathogenicity of the blast fungus.

Keywords: actin cytoskeleton; endocytosis; virulence.

MeSH terms

  • Actin Cytoskeleton* / metabolism
  • Endocytosis* / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Magnaporthe* / growth & development
  • Magnaporthe* / metabolism
  • Magnaporthe* / pathogenicity
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
  • Oryza / microbiology
  • Virulence* / genetics

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins