In-office balloon sinus dilation versus medical therapy for recurrent acute rhinosinusitis: a randomized, placebo-controlled study

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Feb;9(2):140-148. doi: 10.1002/alr.22248. Epub 2018 Nov 19.


Background: A limited number of studies have demonstrated symptomatic improvement for recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) patients after endoscopic sinus surgery. In this randomized, controlled study we evaluated 24-week outcomes for balloon sinus dilation (BSD) performed in-office (IO) with medical management (MM) as compared with MM only for RARS patients.

Methods: Adults diagnosed with RARS were randomized to groups with BSD plus MM (n = 29) or MM alone (n = 30). Patients who received MM alone also received a sham BSD-IO procedure to blind them to group assignment. Patients were followed to 48 weeks posttreatment. The primary outcome was the difference between arms in change in Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS) score from baseline to 24 weeks. Secondary endpoints included comparisons of Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI) score, medication usage, medical care visits, and sinus infections.

Results: Change in patient-reported quality of life (QOL), as measured by the CSS total score from baseline to 24 weeks, was significantly greater in the BSD plus MM group compared with the MM-only group (37.3 ± 24.4 [n = 26] vs 21.8 ± 29.0 [n = 27]; p = 0.0424).

Conclusion: BSD plus MM proved superior to MM alone in enhancing QOL for RARS patients. BSD plus MM should be considered as a viable treatment option for properly diagnosed RARS patients.

Keywords: balloon dilation; endoscopic sinus surgery; paranasal sinuses; quality of life.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Cohort Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Endoscopy*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Paranasal Sinuses / surgery*
  • Quality of Life
  • Recurrence
  • Rhinitis / therapy*
  • Sinusitis / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome