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. 2016;62(2):196-207.

[Endovideosurgery (Minimally Invasive Surgery) in Treatment for Malignant Tumors of Female Genital Organs: A 5-year Experience of the Clinic of the N.N.Petrov Research Institute of Oncology]

[Article in Russian]
  • PMID: 30452194

[Endovideosurgery (Minimally Invasive Surgery) in Treatment for Malignant Tumors of Female Genital Organs: A 5-year Experience of the Clinic of the N.N.Petrov Research Institute of Oncology]

[Article in Russian]
I V Berlev et al. Vopr Onkol. .

Abstract

During the period of 2010-2015 laparoscopic surgery was performed in 1263 patients: 1113 with endometrial cancer (588 hysterectomies, 509 hysterectomies with pelvic lymphadenectomy, among them 16 with sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping with Indocyanine green (ICG)); 86 with cervical cancer (80 nerve-sparing radical hysterectomies (NSRH), among them 15 with SLN mapping, 6 radical vaginal trachelectomies with endovideoassisted lymphadenectomy); 64 with ovarian malignancies. The average operating time in the group of hysterectomies was 101 minutes, in the group of hysterectomies with pelvic lymphadenectomy - 184 minutes, in the group of NSRH - 230 minutes. Average blood loss was less than 50 ml. No intraoperative complications were registered. Asymptomatic lymph cysts were observed in 122 cases. Symptomatic lymph cysts requiring surgical treatment were registered in 9 cases. Inconsistencies of vaginal sutures after radical hysterectomy were in two cases, ureterovaginal fistulas - in two cases. During a 3-year follow-up period twelve recurrences were observed in endometrial cancer patients (12/443; 2,7%), four patients (0,9%) died from disease. After NSRH two local recurrences (2,5%) were registered in patients with cervical cancer, after radical trachelectomy -two local recurrences (33%). One patient became pregnant in the group of vaginal trachelectomies. Therefore laparoscopic approach in treatment of female genital malignacies allows performing an adequate volume of surgery with minimal risk of intra- and postoperative complications, favorable course of the rehabilitation period, and oncological safety.

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