Phase 1 Study of Edasalonexent (CAT-1004), an Oral NF-κB Inhibitor, in Pediatric Patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

J Neuromuscul Dis. 2019;6(1):43-54. doi: 10.3233/JND-180341.


Background: Edasalonexent is an orally administered small molecule designed to inhibit NF-κB, which is activated from infancy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and is central to causing muscle damage and preventing muscle regeneration.

Objective: Evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and exploratory pharmacodynamics of three doses of edasalonexent in ambulatory males ≥4 to <8 years of age with genetically confirmed Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Methods: This was a 1-week, open-label, multiple-dose study with 3 sequential ascending doses (33, 67 and 100 mg/kg/day) of edasalonexent administered under different dietary conditions to 17 males with a mean age of 5.5 years.

Results: All doses of edasalonexent were well tolerated, with no serious adverse events, no drug discontinuations and no dose reductions. The majority of adverse events were mild, and the most common adverse events were gastrointestinal (primarily diarrhea). Edasalonexent was rapidly absorbed with peak levels observed 2-6 hours after dosing and exposures appeared to increase nearly proportionally to dose for the 2 lower and all 3 doses under low-fat and high-fat meal conditions, respectively. Only minor plasma accumulation of edasalonexent was observed with 7 days of dosing. After treatment with edasalonexent for 7 days, levels of NF-κB-regulated genes and serum proteins were decreased.

Conclusions: This first report of edasalonexent oral administration for one week in male pediatric patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy showed that treatment was well tolerated and inhibited NF-kB pathways.

Keywords: CAT-1004; Duchenne muscular dystrophy; NF-κB; edasalonexent.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Arachidonic Acids / adverse effects
  • Arachidonic Acids / pharmacokinetics
  • Arachidonic Acids / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / blood
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / drug therapy*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / urine
  • NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors
  • NF-kappa B / blood
  • Neuromuscular Agents / adverse effects
  • Neuromuscular Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Neuromuscular Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Salicylamides / adverse effects
  • Salicylamides / pharmacokinetics
  • Salicylamides / therapeutic use*


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • NF-kappa B
  • Neuromuscular Agents
  • Salicylamides
  • edasalonexent