First Report about Mineral Content, Fatty Acids Composition and Biological Activities of Four Wild Edible Mushrooms

Chem Biodivers. 2019 Feb;16(2):e1800492. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.201800492. Epub 2019 Jan 30.


The goal of this research was a comprehensive analysis of four wild edible mushroom species, Cantharellus cinereus, Clavariadelphus pistillaris, Clitocybe nebularis and Hygrocybe punicea, which have not been analyzed so far. Extracts of different polarities have been prepared and evaluated for their antioxidant activities by DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, TRP and CUPRAC methods. For all extracts, total phenolic content was determined. Based on the analysis, it was shown that solvent type had a significant effect on the antioxidant capacities of mushroom extracts, so water extracts showed the highest activity. Furthermore, the analysis includes determination of mineral composition, fatty acid profiles and antimicrobial activity. Unsaturated fatty acids, which are very important for human health, are dominant in the studied mushroom species. Linoleic and oleic acid consist of over 50 % of the total fatty acid composition. Seventeen biologically important and toxic elements have been analyzed by ICP-OES and ICP-MS and results showed that the element concentrations were species-dependent. Also, it has been found that analyzed mushrooms did not show any antimicrobial activity. Chemometric analysis was used to understand the connection between the extracts of different polarities.

Keywords: antimicrobial activity; antioxidant activity; fatty acids; mineral and phenolic contents; mushrooms.

MeSH terms

  • Agaricales / chemistry*
  • Antioxidants / isolation & purification
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Minerals / analysis
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plants, Edible / chemistry*
  • Species Specificity


  • Antioxidants
  • Fatty Acids
  • Minerals
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts