Background/aims: Increasing evidence showed that miR-1-3p plays a major role in malignant tumor progression. However, the specific biological function of miR-1-3p in bladder cancer is yet unknown.
Methods: The expression levels of miR-1-3p in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR. Bisulfite sequencing PCR was used for DNA methylation analysis. The target of miR-1-3p was validated by a dual luciferase reporter assay, and the effects of miR-1-3p on phenotypic changes in bladder cancer cells were investigated in vitro and in vivo.
Results: The expression of miR-1-3p in bladder cancer cells was downregulated as compared to normal SV-HUC-1 cells. Also, the expression of miR-1-3p was significantly lower in bladder cancer tissues than the corresponding non-cancerous tissues. The methylation status of CpG islands was involved in the regulation of miR-1-3p expression. miR-1-3p inhibited the bladder cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by directly targeting the 3'-UTR of glutaminase. It also exerted an anti-tumor effect by negatively regulating the glutaminase in a xenograft mouse model. Furthermore, GLS depletion resulted in the prolonged expression of γH2AX.
Conclusion: Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-1-3p acts as a tumor suppressor via regulation of glutaminase expression in bladder cancer progression, and miR-1-3p might represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of bladder cancer.
Keywords: Bladder cancer; Glutaminase; Invasion; Proliferation; miR-1-3p.
© 2018 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.