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Review
. Mar-Apr 2019;12(2):242-246.
doi: 10.1016/j.jiph.2018.10.014. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Novel Understandings of Host Cell Mechanisms Involved in Chronic Lung Infection: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in the Cystic Fibrotic Lung

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Review

Novel Understandings of Host Cell Mechanisms Involved in Chronic Lung Infection: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in the Cystic Fibrotic Lung

Peter Anto Johnson. J Infect Public Health. .
Free article

Abstract

As one of the most debilitating and underdiagnosed hereditary conditions across the globe, cystic fibrosis requires intensive support from the healthcare system - particularly due to the increased susceptibility to chronic infection and resulting respiratory failure which can rapidly lead to death. In turn, the prevalence and action of a certain strain of bacterium - Pseudomonas aeruginosa - has gained a great deal of interest. Life-threatening chronic infections by P. aeruginosa have been shown to involve biofilm formation, proliferation and the release of quorum-sensing signaling molecules. Understanding the mechanism cascade by which this strain attacks cells within the respiratory epithelium, most notably airway epithelial cells, could offer insight into the pathway and components, which are attractive targets for therapeutic interventions.

Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Infection; Lungs; Pseudomonas.

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