Preventive Effect of Lactobacillus fermentum CQPC03 on Activated Carbon-Induced Constipation in ICR Mice

Medicina (Kaunas). 2018 Nov 19;54(5):89. doi: 10.3390/medicina54050089.

Abstract

Background and objectives: Paocai (pickled cabbage), which is fermented by lactic acid bacteria, is a traditional Chinese food. The microorganisms of Paocai were isolated and identified, and the constipation inhibition effect of one of the isolated Lactobacillus was investigated. Materials and Methods: The 16S rDNA technology was used for microbial identification. A mouse constipation model was established using activated carbon. After intragastric administration of Lactobacillus (10⁸ CFU/mL), the mice were dissected to prepare pathological sections of the small intestine. Serum indicators were detected using kits, and the expression of small intestine-related mRNAs was detected by qPCR assay. Results: One strain of Lactobacillus was identified and named Lactobacillus fermentum CQPC03 (LF-CQPC03). Body weight and activated carbon propulsion rate were all higher in mice intragastrically administered with LF-CQPC03 compared with the control group, while the time to the first black stool in treated mice was lower than that in the control group. Serum assays showed that gastrin (Gas), endothelin (ET), and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) levels were significantly higher in the LF-CQPC03-treated mice than in the control group, while somatostatin (SS) levels were significantly lower than in the control mice. Mouse small intestine tissue showed that c-Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA expression levels were significantly higher in the LF-CQPC03 treated mice than in control mice, while transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression levels were significantly lower in the LF-CQPC03 treated mice than in control mice. Conclusions: There is a better effect with high-dose LF-CQPC03, compared to the lower dose (LF-CQPC03-L), showing good probiotic potential, as well as development and application value.

Keywords: 16S rDNA; Lactobacillus fermentum CQPC03; constipation; mice; pickled cabbage.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholinesterase / blood
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Brassica / microbiology*
  • Carbon / pharmacology
  • Constipation / blood
  • Constipation / chemically induced
  • Constipation / prevention & control*
  • Defecation
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Endothelins / blood
  • Feces
  • Female
  • Fermentation
  • Fermented Foods and Beverages / microbiology*
  • Gastrins / blood
  • Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / biosynthesis
  • Intestine, Small / metabolism
  • Intestine, Small / pathology
  • Lactobacillus fermentum / isolation & purification*
  • Lactobacillus fermentum / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / biosynthesis
  • Probiotics / administration & dosage*
  • Probiotics / isolation & purification
  • Probiotics / metabolism
  • Somatostatin / blood
  • Stem Cell Factor / biosynthesis
  • TRPV Cation Channels / biosynthesis

Substances

  • Endothelins
  • Gastrins
  • Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Stem Cell Factor
  • TRPV Cation Channels
  • TRPV1 protein, mouse
  • Somatostatin
  • Carbon
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • Nos2 protein, mouse
  • Acetylcholinesterase