Web Page Design Recommendations for People with Down Syndrome Based on Users' Experiences

Sensors (Basel). 2018 Nov 20;18(11):4047. doi: 10.3390/s18114047.


At present, there is a high number of people with Down syndrome interested and trained to be an active part of society. According to the data extracted by our surveys we know that only 6% of the population with Down syndrome feels isolated in daily activities. However, when the activity requires the use of a computer, the percentage of people who feel isolated increases to 18%. This means that there are obvious website accessibility barriers that make it difficult for users with Down syndrome. To solve this problem, it is considered necessary to make an exhaustive study about Down syndrome. We know that the trisomy of chromosome 21 causes a series of symptoms that directly affect ones Internet browsing capabilities. For example, speech disturbances make communication and speed difficult. This guide is based on a neurological study of Down syndrome. Alterations in listening make understanding audio, retention of audio concepts and speed difficult. The alterations in the physiognomy of movement make it difficult for them to act quickly. Many of these alterations are caused by cognitive disability. After assessing the needs, the benefits of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0), and the existing usability guidelines are analyzed and those that may be useful for this profile are extracted. User tests are carried out through two websites developed specifically for this study with the aim of demonstrating the level of effectiveness of each of the planned guidelines. Considering the neurological characteristics of this intellectual disability, research is developed that seeks to extract a list of useful accessibility and usability guidelines for web developers.

Keywords: Down syndrome; Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 or WCAG 2.0; Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1 or WCAG 2.1; website accessibility; website adaptation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Down Syndrome / psychology*
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Social Media*
  • Software Design*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult