Visual therapy results for convergence insufficiency: a literature review

Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1988 Jun;65(6):448-54. doi: 10.1097/00006324-198806000-00004.


This paper is a review of the literature relative to treatment results for convergence insufficiency utilizing vision therapy training procedures. Vision therapy is shown to improve the nearpoint of convergence and fusional convergence and to ameliorate associated symptoms. The overall cure rate is 72%. Furthermore, the training results appear to persist for at least 2 years if the patients are initially cured and are independent of age until the late presbyopic years. Also, recent studies indicate the type of training procedures which yield the most effective training results.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Convergence, Ocular*
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Eye Movements*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Orthoptics* / methods
  • Orthoptics* / trends
  • Vision Disorders / therapy*