Bifenthrin exerts proatherogenic effects via arterial accumulation of native and oxidized LDL in rats: the beneficial role of vitamin E and selenium

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Feb;27(6):5651-5660. doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-3771-7. Epub 2018 Nov 21.


The purpose of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the effects of Bifenthrin (Bif) chronic exposure on plasmatic and aortic lipid parameters disturbance and their pro-atherogenic possibility in Wistar rats. The ameliorative role of vitamin E (Vit E) and selenium (Se) were also targeted. Thus, rats were treated by gastric gavage with combination of Vit E (100 mg/kg/bw) and Se (0.25 mg/kg/bw) in alone and co-treated groups for 90 days. Apart from control and Vit E-Se groups, all the groups were subjected to Bif (3 mg/kg, via gavage) toxicity. Results showed that Bif increased markedly plasmatic and aortic total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, native LDL-apoB-100, and oxidized-LDL, compared to the control. Moreover, Bif treatment significantly increased the plasmatic levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-2, and IL-6. In addition, the densitometric quantification of protein bands showed that the amount of hepatic native LDL-receptor protein decreased significantly in the intoxicated rats compared to the control group. The expression of arterial LDL receptors (LDLRs) and scavenger receptors (CD36) was amplified owing to Bif toxicity. This harmful effect was confirmed by histological study using Oil-Red-O staining. Owing to their antioxidant capacities, Vit E and Se have maintained all the changes in plasma and aorta lipids and prevented the pro-atherogenic effect observed in Bif-treated animals.

Keywords: Aorta; Bifenthrin; LDL; Lipid; Pro-atherogenic; Vit E-Se.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta* / drug effects
  • Aorta* / pathology
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Male
  • Pyrethrins* / toxicity
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Selenium* / pharmacology
  • Vitamin E* / pharmacology


  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Pyrethrins
  • oxidized low density lipoprotein
  • Vitamin E
  • bifenthrin
  • Selenium