Diagnostic Accuracy Of Plain X-Ray Lateral Neck In The Diagnosis Of Cervical Esophageal Foreign Bodies Keeping Oesophagoscopy As Gold Standard

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. Jul-Sep 2018;30(3):386-388.

Abstract

Background: Detection of foreign body oesophagus has always been a challenge for the otolaryngologists. Among different investigations available X -ray is valuable for detection of foreign bodies as it is readily available, inexpensive and easy to operate. However, this still remains to be decided that how accurate it is? The objective of the study is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of plain X ray lateral neck in the diagnosis of foreign bodies in cervical oesophagus keeping esophagoscopy as the gold standard.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at department of ENT, Ayub Medical Institute (AMI) Abbottabad, from Mar to Sep 2016. A total of 290 patients were included in this study and all the patients had X-ray lateral view of neck, followed by oesophagoscopy (gold standard). Diagnostic accuracy of plain X-ray lateral view of neck was detected by determining sensitivity, specificity and accuracy.

Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of plain X-ray lateral view of neck was 91.7%, 80%, and 89.7%, respectively.

Conclusions: X-Ray lateral view of neck is a reliable investigation and should be advised among all the patients with history of foreign body ingestion.

Keywords: Cervical oesophageal foreign bodies; Diagnostic accuracy; Plain X- Ray Lateral Neck.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Esophagoscopy
  • Esophagus / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Foreign Bodies / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neck / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • X-Rays
  • Young Adult