There is accumulating experimental evidence that human platelet lysate (HPL) made from platelet concentrates can replace fetal bovine serum (FBS) as a xeno-free clinical-grade supplement of growth media to expand mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). However, uncertainties exist in regard to impacts that various manufacturing methods of HPL can exert on the expansion and differentiation capacity of MSCs. In particular, there is a need to evaluate the possibility of implementing virus-inactivation treatment during HPL production to ensure optimal safety of industrial HPL pools. Expired human platelet concentrates from four different donors were pooled and subjected to freeze-thaw cycles (-80/+37 °C), followed or not by serum-conversion by calcium chloride, heat-treatment at 56 °C for 30 min, or solvent-detergent (S/D) virus inactivation. The concentrations of total proteins, growth factors and fibrinogen, and the chemical compositions of the HPLs were characterized. The impact of HPL supplementation on the cell morphology, doubling time, immunophenotype and trilineage differentiation capacity of Wharton jelly MSCs (WJMSCs) were compared over five passages, using FBS as a control and normalizing the protein content. Data showed that WJMSCs expanded equally well, exhibited a typical fibroblast morphology, had short doubling times, maintained their immunophenotypes, and differentiated into chondrocyte, osteocyte, and adipocyte lineages in all HPL-supplemented media, all of which were more effective than FBS. In conclusion, we found minimal detectable impact of the HPL manufacturing process, including S/D virus inactivation, on the suitability of expanding WJMSCs in vitro.
Keywords: FBS; Human platelet lysates; Propagation; Solvent/detergent; Wharton jelly stem cells.
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