Longitudinal study of renal prostaglandin excretion in cirrhotic rats: relationship with the renin-aldosterone system

Clin Sci (Lond). 1988 Sep;75(3):263-9. doi: 10.1042/cs0750263.


1. A cross-sectional study (protocol A) was performed in 19 rats with cirrhosis, induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), and ascites and in 10 control animals to assess renal prostaglandin (PG) excretion in experimental cirrhosis. In an additional group of animals, including nine rats chronically exposed to CCl4 (CCl4 rats) and six control rats, a longitudinal study (protocol B) was performed to investigate the temporal relationship between changes in renal PG excretion, the renin--aldosterone system and renal function. 2. Urinary PG excretion was assessed by specific radioimmunoassay of PGE2, PGF2 alpha, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and thromboxane (TX) B2 after extraction with octadecyl silica cartridges and h.p.l.c. purification. Recoveries for each prostanoid (61 +/- 8% for PGE2, 64 +/- 12% for PGF2 alpha, 65 +/- 11% for 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and 66 +/- 17% for TXB2) were determined in every sample by adding tritiated standards, and the final values were corrected according to the individual recoveries. 3. Cirrhotic rats with ascites in protocol A showed a significantly higher plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations and urinary excretion of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 than did control animals. Urinary excretion of PGE2 and PGF2 alpha, however, was significantly reduced in cirrhotic animals as compared with controls. 4. In CCl4 rats included in protocol B, there was a close chronological relationship between the activation of the renin-aldosterone system, as estimated by urinary aldosterone excretion, the onset of sodium retention and the increase in urinary excretion of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2. The urinary excretion of PGE2 and PGF2 alpha in CCl4 rats was reduced throughout the study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha / urine
  • Aldosterone / blood
  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental / blood
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Prostaglandins / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Renin / blood
  • Renin-Angiotensin System*
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Thromboxane B2 / urine


  • Prostaglandins
  • Aldosterone
  • Thromboxane B2
  • 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha
  • Sodium
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Renin