Temperament and Early Intentions to Retire: A Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study

J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Feb;61(2):136-143. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001501.


Objective: To examine associations between temperament traits and early retirement intentions.

Methods: In the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966, we analyzed early retirement intentions at the age 46 according to Cloninger temperament traits at the age 46 (n = 4409) and at the age 31 (n = 3226). Ordinal logistic regression analyses were used. Adjustments were made for marital status, education, work type, job satisfaction, perceived health, and mental health problems.

Results: 11% of men and 9% of women had strong retirement intentions. Especially higher harm avoidance was associated with higher early retirement intentions in both sexes at the age of 46. A similar pattern of results, although with weaker associations, was found for temperament assessed at the age of 31.

Conclusions: Temperament and especially harm avoidance is related to early retirement intentions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Intention*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory
  • Retirement / psychology*
  • Retirement / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temperament*