Conditions and Factors Associated With Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (from a National Population-Based Cohort Study)

Am J Cardiol. 2019 Jan 15;123(2):249-253. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.10.012. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Abstract

The pathophysiology of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is heterogeneous, associated with systemic arteriopathies and inflammatory diseases, and often compounded by environmental precipitants, genetics, or stressors. However, the frequency of these associated conditions with SCAD on a population level remains unknown. Therefore, the objective of this analysis was to evaluate heterogeneous phenotypes of SCAD in the United States using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample collected from January 1, 2004, to September 31, 2015. Among 66,360 patients diagnosed with SCAD, the mean age was 63.1 ± 13.2 years and 44.2% were women. A total of 3,415 (5.14%) had depression, 670 (1.0%) had rheumatoid arthritis, 640 (0.96%) had anxiety, 545 (0.82%) had a migraine disorder, 440 (0.66%) used steroids, 385 (0.58%) had malignant hypertension, 280 (0.42%) had systemic lupus erythematosus, 250 (0.38%) had cocaine abuse, 215 (0.32%) had hypertensive heart or renal disease, 130 (0.19%) had coronary spasm, 105 (0.16%) had fibromuscular dysplasia, 85 (0.13%) had Crohn's disease, 75 (0.11%) had celiac disease, 60 (0.09%) had adult autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, 60 (0.09%) had hormone replacement therapy, 55 (0.08%) had sarcoidosis, 55 (0.08%) had amphetamine abuse, 15 (0.02%) had granulomatosis polyangiitis, 10 (0.02%) had α1-antitrypsin deficiency, 10 (0.02%) had Marfan syndrome, 10 (0.02%) had Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 10 (0.02%) had Kawasaki disease, 10 (0.02%) had polyarteritis nodosa, and 5 (0.01%) had multiparity. In conclusion, most cases of SCAD had no apparent concomitant arteriopathy, inflammatory disorder, or evident risk factor.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / epidemiology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Connective Tissue Diseases / epidemiology
  • Coronary Aneurysm / epidemiology*
  • Coronary Vessels / injuries*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Diseases / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Distribution
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • United States / epidemiology