Venous Thromboembolism After Shoulder Arthoplasty and Arthroscopy

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Apr 15;27(8):265-274. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00763.


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the orthopaedic literature largely focuses on lower extremity trauma and arthroplasty, with relatively few investigations of VTE after shoulder surgery. Because the rate of shoulder surgery, especially arthroplasty, continues to expand, it is important for practicing surgeons to understand the magnitude of risk, potential consequences, and prevention methods with regard to VTE. VTE after shoulder surgery has been a topic of increasing interest over the past decade, and the purpose of this review is to examine the recent literature on pathophysiology, risk factors, incidence, diagnosis, sequelae, prevention, treatment, and current recommendations regarding VTE after shoulder surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder*
  • Arthroscopy*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Risk Factors
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*
  • Venous Thromboembolism / diagnosis
  • Venous Thromboembolism / epidemiology*
  • Venous Thromboembolism / etiology*
  • Venous Thromboembolism / prevention & control