Pain management in sport: therapeutic injections

Handb Clin Neurol. 2018;158:431-442. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63954-7.00040-9.


Corticosteroid, hyaluronic acid, and platelet-rich plasma injections are commonly utilized when managing pain and injury in the athlete. Although there is ample scientific literature on these injection types, there is a paucity of evidence guiding the use of any of these modalities in a younger, athletic population. Injection strategies should be used as just one aspect of a detailed and athlete-specific return to sport and rehabilitation plan. More high-quality research is needed to determine the most appropriate and optimum injection use in the management of painful musculoskeletal conditions, including patient factors and injection formulations.

Keywords: comprehensive care; corticosteroid; evidence-based; hyaluronic acid; platelet-rich plasma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage
  • Analgesics / administration & dosage*
  • Athletic Injuries / complications*
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Pain Management*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / metabolism


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Analgesics
  • Hyaluronic Acid