Research question: Can predictors of twin and high-order multiple pregnancy among women with multiple cycles of ovarian stimulation intrauterine insemination (IUI) be identified?
Design: Retrospective cohort study of IUI cycles carried out between January 2014 and December 2015 in a private clinic in Spain. The 4879 women and 6552 cycles analysed in this study include single IUI with ovarian stimulation using recombinant FSH.
Results: Number of follicles and follicle size were the only factors with a significant effect (P < 0.001) on the likelihood of achieving a twin or multifetal pregnancy. Follicles 12 mm or wider greatly increase the chances of achieving a twin or multifetal pregnancy. A total of 73 out of 127 (57.5%) twin pregnancies occurred in cycles with at least one additional follicle measuring 12 mm or wider, and 102 out of 127 twin pregnancies (80.3%) occurred in cycles with at least one additional follicle measuring 14 mm or wider. Cancellation criteria should consider the presence of follicles 12 mm or wider.
Conclusion: Follicles measuring 12 mm or wider increase the risk of having a twin or a high-order multiple pregnancy rate. These data may help clinicians balance decision-making between cancelling and performing the cycle within an IUI procedure.
Keywords: Cancellation criteria; Follicular size; High-order multiple pregnancy rate; Twin pregnancy rate.
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