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Review
. 2018 Nov 27;7(4):50.
doi: 10.3390/biology7040050.

Meta-Omics Tools in the World of Insect-Microorganism Interactions

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Free PMC article
Review

Meta-Omics Tools in the World of Insect-Microorganism Interactions

Antonino Malacrinò. Biology (Basel). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Microorganisms are able to influence several aspects of insects' life, and this statement is gaining increasing strength, as research demonstrates it daily. At the same time, new sequencing technologies are now available at a lower cost per base, and bioinformatic procedures are becoming more user-friendly. This is triggering a huge effort in studying the microbial diversity associated to insects, and especially to economically important insect pests. The importance of the microbiome has been widely acknowledged for a wide range of animals, and also for insects this topic is gaining considerable importance. In addition to bacterial-associates, the insect-associated fungal communities are also gaining attention, especially those including plant pathogens. The use of meta-omics tools is not restricted to the description of the microbial world, but it can be also used in bio-surveillance, food safety assessment, or even to bring novelties to the industry. This mini-review aims to give a wide overview of how meta-omics tools are fostering advances in research on insect-microorganism interactions.

Keywords: insect pests; metagenomics; metaproteomics; metatranscriptomics; microbiome.

Conflict of interest statement

I declare no conflict of interest.

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