The clinical need for platelet transfusions is increasing; however, donor-dependent platelet transfusions are associated with practical problems, such as the limited supply and the risk of infection. Thus, we developed a manufacturing system for platelets from a donor-independent cell source: a human adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cell line (ASCL). The ASCL was obtained using an upside-down culture flask method and satisfied the minimal criteria for defining mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by The International Society for Cellular Therapy. The ASCL showed its proliferation capacity for ≥2 months without any abnormal karyotypes. The ASCL was cultured in megakaryocyte induction media. ASCL-derived megakaryocytes were obtained, with a peak at day 8 of culture, and ASCL-derived platelets (ASCL-PLTs) were obtained, with a peak at day 12 of culture. We observed that CD42b+ cells expressed an MSC marker (CD90) which is related to cell adhesion. Compared with peripheral platelets, ASCL-PLTs exhibit higher levels of PAC1 binding, P-selectin surface exposure, ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation, and ADP-induced platelet aggregation, as well as similar levels of fibrinogen binding and collagen-induced platelet aggregation. ASCL-PLTs have lower epinephrine-induced platelet aggregation. The pattern of in vivo kinetics after infusion into irradiated immunodeficient NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidIl2rgtm1Wjl/SzJ mice was similar to that of platelet concentrates. ASCL-PLTs have similar characteristics to those of peripheral platelets and might have an additional function as MSCs. The establishment of the ASCL and its differentiation into ASCL-PLTs do not require gene transfer, and endogenous thrombopoietin is used for differentiation. The present protocol is a simple method that does not require feeder cells, further enhancing the clinical application of our approach.
© 2019 by The American Society of Hematology.