Studies over the past decade have reported that the use of highly porous sockets in total hip arthroplasty (THA) results in osseointegration and long-term implant stability. However, some reports have raised concerns regarding radiographic evidence of poor osseointegration with features of fibrous tissue ingrowth. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic assessments of highly porous sockets with those of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated porous sockets in THA for hip dysplasia (DDH) at least 1 year after surgery. A total of 127 patients (136 hips) were recruited for the study. Of these, 94 patients (101 hips) received highly porous sockets with clustered screws, while 33 patients (35 hips) received HA-coated porous sockets with clustered screws. There was no difference in clinical outcomes between the two types of sockets. All HA-coated porous sockets were radiographically stable, without radiolucent lines. Fifteen hips had radiolucent lines in two or three DeLee and Charnley zones, accompanied by sclerotic lines along the circumferences of the highly porous sockets. A significant difference in the height of the preoperative osteophyte of the anterior acetabular wall was observed between 86 hips with one or no radiolucent lines and 15 hips with two or three radiolucent lines. In cases of DDH with atrophic bone remodeling pattern, highly porous sockets with multiple screws may be used, while HA-coated porous sockets with clustered screws result in better sealing of the bone-component interface.
Keywords: Cementless total hip arthroplasty; Developmental dysplasia of the hip; Highly porous socket; Hydroxyapatite-coated porous socket; Osseointegration; Radiolucent line.