Harsh climate induces physiological stress thus compromising organismal survival. Our previous studies demonstrated that curcumin (CUR) supplementation increased survival of turtle under heat stress (HS). Here, we span this work to investigate the survival and lifespan of HS Drosophila fed a diet supplemented with CUR. For this purpose, female and male flies were fed basal diet (N) and CUR diet (0.2 mg/g), and exposed to three conditions: 25°C and 29°C continuously, and 34 °C for 2 h at days 1, 4, and 7, then kept at 25 °C. Lifespan analysis showed that, compared to N-25 °C flies, the mean lifespans of N-29 °C and N-34 °C flies were decreased significantly by 8.5-15.7% in males, and 3.7-7.9% in females. Conversely, in the CUR-supplemented diet, mean lifespans of C-29 °C and C-34 °C flies were significantly extended by 8.7-16.4% in males, and by 8.9-12.8% in females, compared to that of temperature-matched flies fed basal diets. The MDA levels of C-34 °C flies were significantly lower than those of N-34 °C flies, indicating CUR reduced oxidative stress caused by HS. Furthermore, CUR palliated the increased oxidative stress caused by HS, by increasing the expression of SOD1, CAT, and PHGPx and decreasing the expression of Hsp70 and Hsp83. Our results indicated that CUR supplementation increases the survival rate of Drosophila by enhancing thermal tolerance. © 2018 BioFactors, 44(6):577-587, 2018.
Keywords: antioxidant; heat shock; life-span extension; senescence; thermal tolerance.
© 2018 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.