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. 2019 May;166(1):199-210.
doi: 10.1111/ppl.12888. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

The Singular Properties of Photosynthetic Cytochrome C 550 From the Diatom Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Suggest New Alternative Functions

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The Singular Properties of Photosynthetic Cytochrome C 550 From the Diatom Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Suggest New Alternative Functions

Pilar Bernal-Bayard et al. Physiol Plant. .

Abstract

Cytochrome c550 is an extrinsic component in the luminal side of photosystem II (PSII) in cyanobacteria, as well as in eukaryotic algae from the red photosynthetic lineage including, among others, diatoms. We have established that cytochrome c550 from the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum can be obtained as a complete protein from the membrane fraction of the alga, although a C-terminal truncated form is purified from the soluble fractions of this diatom as well as from other eukaryotic algae. Eukaryotic cytochromes c550 show distinctive electrostatic features as compared with cyanobacterial cytochrome c550 . In addition, co-immunoseparation and mass spectrometry experiments, as well as immunoelectron microscopy analyses, indicate that although cytochrome c550 from P. tricornutum is mainly located in the thylakoid domain of the chloroplast - where it interacts with PSII - , it can also be found in the chloroplast pyrenoid, related with proteins linked to the CO2 concentrating mechanism and assimilation. These results thus suggest new alternative functions of this heme protein in eukaryotes.

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