Background: The incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing and interventions to curb the detrimental effects of GDM are needed. We have previously reported that a combined diet and physical activity intervention has the potential to reduce GDM among high-risk women. It is also important to know whether the intervention affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
Methods: A total of 378 women at high risk for GDM were randomized into an intervention (lifestyle counselling four times during pregnancy, n=192), or a control group (n=186) before 20 gestational weeks. HRQoL was assessed with the 15D-instrument six times: once during each trimester and at six weeks, six months and 12 months postpartum.
Results: In this study population, the cumulative incidence of GDM was similar in the intervention and the control group (45.7 vs. 44.5%). There was no difference between the 15D scores of the control and intervention groups at any of the time points.
Conclusions: Combined diet and physical activity intervention did not provide HRQoL benefits in the study. A high prevalence of GDM in both study groups may have confounded the effect of the intervention.
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.