The Fate of the Mandibular Reconstruction Plate

J Craniofac Surg. 2019 Mar/Apr;30(2):e97-e101. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000004920.

Abstract

To preserve the continuity of the mandible after resection or traumatic bone loss, the defect is usually reconstructed with a bone graft fixed by a reconstruction plate. The fate of these plates is the objective of this study. Twenty-three patients (4 females and 19 males) required a reconstructive procedure to restore the discontinuity defect in the mandible by a mandibular reconstruction plate. Postoperative follow-up was performed to assess the outcomes of these plates. The mean age of the patients was 28.22 years. The most common cause of the discontinuity defect was bullet injury. The mean follow-up period was 3.65 years. The most common postoperative complication was the surgical site infection. The reconstruction plate of the mandible is associated with long-term success and body acceptance in the hands of an experienced surgeon.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Plates / adverse effects*
  • Bone Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Bone Transplantation* / instrumentation
  • Bone Transplantation* / methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Iraq / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Mandibular Injuries / surgery*
  • Mandibular Reconstruction* / adverse effects
  • Mandibular Reconstruction* / instrumentation
  • Mandibular Reconstruction* / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Wound Infection* / diagnosis
  • Surgical Wound Infection* / epidemiology
  • Surgical Wound Infection* / etiology