Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report

Caspian J Intern Med. 2018 Fall;9(4):410-412. doi: 10.22088/cjim.9.4.406.


Background: The prevalence of using anabolic steroids such as oxymetholone is increasing. This highlights the need for closely monitoring side effects of this drug. Acute renal failure (ARF) has been reported as a complication of rhabdomyolysis in anabolic steroids users.

Case presentation: We present one 33-year-old man complaining of decreased urine volume, urine color change, and lower abdominal pain. He is engaged with a rare side effect of oxymetholone abuse. During assessments of potential medical issues associated with the intake of anabolic steroids, known side effects are known to be transient, but the need for appropriate interventions remains essential.

Conclusions: Rhabdomyolysis due to drug use and the consequent acute kidney injury are among the lethal risks associated with anabolic steroid abuse. In most cases, the symptoms are extensive and often misleading. Therefore, detailed history taking, physical scrutiny, paraclinical testing, and early diagnosis are crucial for rhabdomyolysis patients.

Keywords: Anabolic steroids; Oxymetholone; Renal failure; Rhabdomyolysis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports