Consuming milk cereal drinks at one year of age was associated with a twofold risk of being overweight at the age of five

Acta Paediatr. 2019 Jun;108(6):1115-1121. doi: 10.1111/apa.14666. Epub 2018 Dec 19.


Aim: We previously reported that consuming milk cereal drinks at six months of age was associated with a high body mass index (BMI) at 12 and 18 months. This study examined the association between daily consumption at 12 months of age and BMI at the age of five.

Methods: We followed up 1870/2666 (70%) children recruited at birth in 2007-2008 for the Swedish longitudinal population-based Halland Health and Growth Study a mean of 5.09 ± 0.28 years. Feeding practices were obtained from parental questionnaires, and anthropometric data were collected by child health nurses.

Results: At five years, 11.6% were overweight and 2.3% were obese. Milk cereal drinks were consumed by about 85% and 10% at one and five years of age, respectively. Consumption at 12 months was associated with almost double the risk of being overweight at five years of age (adjusted odds ratio 1.94, 95% confidence interval 1.08-3.50). Other risk factors were a family history of obesity, low paternal educational level and paternal smoking.

Conclusion: Consuming milk cereal drinks daily at 12 months was associated with a twofold risk of being overweight at five years. These findings may affect the counselling guidelines used at child healthcare centres.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Infant; Milk cereal drinks; Obesity; Overweight.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Beverages
  • Child, Preschool
  • Edible Grain*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Milk*
  • Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Risk Assessment