Body Composition Changes in Weight Loss: Strategies and Supplementation for Maintaining Lean Body Mass, a Brief Review

Nutrients. 2018 Dec 3;10(12):1876. doi: 10.3390/nu10121876.


With over two-thirds (71.6%) of the US adult population either overweight or obese, many strategies have been suggested for weight loss. While many are successful, the weight loss is often accompanied by a loss in lean body mass. This loss in lean body mass has multiple negative health implications. Therefore, weight loss strategies that protect lean body mass are of value. It is challenging to consume a significant caloric deficit while maintaining lean body mass regardless of macronutrient distribution. Therefore, the efficacy of various dietary supplements on body weight and body composition have been a topic of research interest. Chromium picolinate has been shown to improve body composition by maintaining lean body mass. In this paper we review some common weight loss strategies and dietary supplements with a focus on their impact on body composition and compare them to the effect of chromium picolinate.

Keywords: chromium picolinate; dietary supplements; lean body mass; weight loss; weight loss strategies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Composition* / drug effects
  • Diet, Reducing
  • Humans
  • Iron Chelating Agents / pharmacology
  • Picolinic Acids / pharmacology
  • Weight Loss* / drug effects


  • Iron Chelating Agents
  • Picolinic Acids
  • picolinic acid