Evolution of ST-Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction Prevalence by Gender Assessed Age Pyramid Analysis-The Piramyd Study

J Clin Med. 2018 Dec 3;7(12):509. doi: 10.3390/jcm7120509.


Introduction: Recent studies reported a decrease in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction. This favorable evolution does not extend to young women. The interaction between gender, risk factors and myocardial infarction incidence remains controversial.

Objective: To compare the evolution of the age pyramid of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to gender.

Methods: Data from patients with STEMI managed in pre-hospital settings prospectively collected in the greater Paris area. Evolution of patient demographics and risk factors was investigated.

Results: 28,249 patients with STEMI were included in the registry between 2002 and 2014, 21,883 (77%) males and 6,366 (23%) females. The sex ratio did not significantly vary over the study period (p = 0.4). Median patient age was 60.1 years (51.1⁻73.0) and was significantly different between males and females, respectively 57.9 (50.0⁻68.3) vs. 72.9 years (58.3⁻82.2) (p = 0.0004). The median age of males significantly (p = 0.0044) increased from 57.6 (50.1⁻70.0) in 2002 to 58.1 years (50.5⁻67.8) in 2014. The median age of females significantly (p = 0.0006) decreased from 73.7 (57.9⁻81.8) to 69.6 years (57.0⁻82.4). The median gap between the age of men and women significantly (p = 0.0002) decreased, from 16.1 to 11.5 years. Prevalence of risk factors was unchanged or decreased except for hypertension which significantly increased in males. The rate of STEMI without reported risk factors increased in both males and females.

Conclusion: The age of STEMI onset significantly decreased in females, whereas it significantly increased in males. The prevalence of risk factors decreased in males, whereas no significant variation was found in females.

Keywords: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); age; age pyramid; gender; prehospital.